However, the UK began to consult with their inhabitants as to their wishes.
Although successive South African governments sought to have the territories transferred to their jurisdiction, the UK kept delaying; consequently, it never occurred.
Some human development occurred before the colonial period.
During the 1700s, the slave and ivory trades were expanding.
Christian missionaries sent from Europe also spread to the interior, often at the invitation of tribal chiefs who wanted guns and knew that the presence of missionaries encouraged traders.The northern territory remained under direct administration as the Bechuanaland Protectorate; it gained independence as modern-day Botswana.The southern territory, British Bechuanaland, became part of the Cape Colony and is now part of the northwest province of South Africa.Since then, it has maintained a strong tradition of stable representative democracy, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa for the last four years.Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert.