Serving as special representatives of the king, these Jews worked as moneylenders and coin dealers.
Over the course of a generation, Jews established communities in London, York, Bristol, Canterbury and other major cities.
The situation worsened in July 1189 when King Henry II, a protector of the Jews, died.
Richard I was crowned his heir and he refused to grant Jewish representative admission to Westminster Abbey, when they came to offer him gifts.
On March 16, the citadel was captured and those Jews left alive were murdered.
The mob then stole the records of debts to Jews from a nearby cathedral and burned them.
Twenty-four hours later, Richard I found out about the riots and ordered that the Jews be protected.
As soon as Richard I left to join the Crusade in 1190, riots began again throughout England.
During Passover, the Jews were accused of torturing a Christian child named William, using his blood for the Passover Seder, and eventually killing and burying him.Led by Richard Malebys, a noble indebted to the Jews, the mob besieged the castle.The Jews had little rations and many killed themselves.The Jewish experience in the United Kingdom [England, Wales and Northern Ireland] is one of the longest in the world.Anglo-Jewry faced increasing persecution from its entrance into England in 1066 until the expulsion of 1290.