Bloomberg, New York State United Teachers (1), New York Times (1) and (2), Paulus, Pennington v.
Substantial competitive injury would likely flow to submitting commercial entity if agency were to disclose cost confidential proprietary and pricing information, and project term sheet, which would unfairly benefit competitors, giving them an unfair competitive edge in the market place.
Commissioner, Joseph, City of Kingston, Klein, Kurland, Kwasnik, Malinowski, Mc Griff, Mitchell, Murphy, Newton, Orange County Publications, Pennington (2), People v. New York State Division of Housing & Community Renewal, Seeley, Tanner, Taylor, Tinker Street, Ubaldo, Van Steenburg, Vent, Yarmy, Benyi, Coalition of Landlords, Crown, Gancin, Legal Aid, Malinowski, Real Estate Data, NY Central, Reese, Ripp, Sambucci, Schulz, Sheehan (2), Simpson, Szikszay, Time Warner Cable News NY1, Weslowski, Whitehead, Zaleski, Buffalo Broadcasting v. Capasso, Stengel, Stewart Park, Catskill Alliance Heritage Alliance, Inc. Office of the Governor, Chatham Towers, Empire Wine & Spirits, Entergy Nuclear Indian Point, Grasso, Hernandez, Humane Society, Lee Enterprises, Inc., Leyton, Madera, Miller v. Tracy, Babcock, Bartlett, Rowland, D., David, 124 Ferry, General Electric, General Motors, Henner, Ingram, Kheel, Marino, Mid-Miller (1), New York Times v. NYS DOT, Chittenden, Cuevas, Rowland D., Elentuck, Fields, Gannett Satellite, Gould, Grigger, Grune Hall, Hameed, Herald (4), Johnson (2) and (6), Kaufman, Kheel, Levine (1), Mac Roe, Mc Aulay (1), Mingo, Miller, Miracle Mile, Mitzner, Montalvo, Monteleione, National Resources, New York 1 News, Newsday (1), O'Shaughnessy, Reade, Rome Sentinel, Rothenberg, Russo, Scaccia, Sinicropi, Stein, Todd, Village of Tuckahoe, Adirondack Park, Akras, Cuevas, Doolan, Dunlea, General Electric, Golubski, Gould, Ingram, Islip, Johnson (2) and (6), Kent, Mac Roe, Professional Standards, Santomero, Steele, Stewart Park, Todd, Warder, Xerox, Allen v.
Thompson, Purcell, Rankin, Reubens, Robertson, Romero, Rourke v. NYC Fire Department, Phillips, Rodriguez, United Policyholders, Bass Pro, Inc. Strojnowski, Beyah, Blanche (1), Burtis (1) and (2), Capruso, De Zimmn, Dobranski, Fink, Fox, Kwocaka, Grune (1), Lyon, Monteleione, Muniz, O'Donnell, Spencer, Urban Justice Center v.
Dinallo, Bahnken, Bello, Belth (1) and (2), Belth v. O'Keefe, Sunset, Syracuse & Oswego, Troy Sand & Gravel, Urbach, Verizon v. Teacher sought to enjoin District from disclosing any portion of settlement agreement pursuant to which charges of misconduct had been settled, citing lower court decision in La Rocca, which has since been modified.
Muhl (2), Catskill, Cross-Sound, Encore (2), First, Garvey, Geostow, Gray, Hearst, Herald Co. Court held that any confidentiality agreement in conflict with FOIL would be void as against public policy, that there is no blanket exception in the FOIL regarding personnel files, that the settlement is not an "employment history", that the agreement "is not information in which petitioner has any reasonable expectation of privacy where the agreement contains the teacher's admission to much of the misconduct charged", that the agreement is "tantamount to a final agency determination." See La Rocca, Geneva Printing, Buffalo Evening News.